Gross motor skills refer to the physical abilities that involve the use of large muscles in the body. These skills are essential for everyday activities such as running, jumping, and climbing. As children grow, they gradually develop and improve their gross motor skills, and this process begins early on.
At the age of 2, children are becoming more mobile and active. They are learning to walk and run independently, climb stairs, jump with both feet, and throw a ball. These are all important gross motor skills that children develop at this age. Children also start to become more aware of their surroundings and the physical environment around them.
- Steady and independent walking - One of the most significant gross motor milestones that children reach at the age of 2 is the ability to walk independently. At around 12-15 months, most children start taking their first steps, and by the age of 2, they can walk steadily and confidently. They can also walk backwards and sideways, and turn around quickly. Running also becomes a popular activity at this age, and children can run with increased speed and coordination.
- Climbing - Another essential gross motor skill that children develop at the age of 2 is climbing. They can climb up and down stairs with support and climb on and off furniture with relative ease. Children also start to climb on playground equipment such as slides and jungle gyms, which helps to improve their balance and coordination.
- Jumping - Jumping is another gross motor skill that children develop at this age. They can jump with both feet off the ground, although they may not be able to jump very high or far. Children also start to enjoy jumping on beds, moon bounces, and trampolines, which helps to strengthen their leg muscles and improve their balance. Just be sure to keep an eye on them!
- Throwing and catching - Throwing and catching a ball is another gross motor skill that your toddler will begin to develop. They will be able to throw a ball with both hands, although their aim may not be very accurate. Children can also catch a ball with both hands, although they may need some help with the timing and coordination of the catch.
It is important to note that every child develops at their own pace, and some children may reach these gross motor milestones earlier or later than others. However, if a child is significantly behind in their gross motor development, it is essential to seek medical advice to ensure that there are no underlying issues affecting their physical development.